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301 Redirect – A message that
the URL has moved permanently. This is commonly used when a URL has a
new location and will not be appearing again at the old URL.
– A "found” message. (Also referred to as a "temporary redirect.”) This
form of redirection is commonly used -- and in some cases abused --
when a URL has been moved to a different location; but, it will be
returning to the original location eventually.
403 Server Code – A "forbidden” message. Prevents access to a URL and displays the reason for preventing access.
404 Server Code – A "not found” message. Server cannot find the URL requested.
Ajax is a programming language that allows for the updating of specific
sections of content on a web page, without completely reloading the
API – Acronym for
Application Programming Interface. This is a program that advertisers
create to manage their SEM campaigns, bypassing the search engines’
A/B Testing –
A/B testing, at its simplest, is randomly showing a visitor one version
of a page – (A) version or (B) version – and tracking the changes in
behavior based on which version they saw. (A) version is normally your
existing design ("control” in statistics lingo); and (B) version is the
"challenger” with one copy or design element changed. In a "50/50 A/B
split test,” you’re flipping a coin to decide which version of a page to
show. A classic example would be comparing conversions resulting from
serving either version (A) or (B), where the versions display different
headlines. A/B tests are commonly applied to clicked-on ad copy and
landing page copy or designs to determine which version drives the more
desired result. See also Multivariate Testing.
Absolute URL’s Link - Absolute URLs use the full-path address, such as http://www.domain.com/page1.htm. (See also Relative URL’s link.)
– A process of finding those potential customers who are in the market
and ready to buy. The attempt to lead customers to a web site and to
welcome them, answer their questions and close the sale.
– Advertisements a searcher sees after submitting a query in a search
engine or web site search box. In PPC, these ads are usually text
format, with a Title, Description and Display URL. In some cases, a
keyword the searcher used in his or her query appears boldfaced in the
displayed ad. Ads can be positioned anywhere on a search results page;
commonly they appear at the top – above the natural or organic listings –
and on the right side of the page, also known as "Right Rail.”
– The main text of a clickable search or context-served ad. It usually
makes up the second and third lines of a displayed ad, between the Ad
Title and the Display URL.
Ad Title – The first line of text displayed in a clickable search or context-served ad. Ad Titles serve as ad headlines.
– Affiliate marketing is a process of revenue sharing that allows
merchants to duplicate sales efforts by enlisting other web sites as a
type of outside sales force. Successful affiliate marketing programs
result in the merchant attracting additional buyers, and the affiliate
earning the equivalent of a referral fee, based on click-through
referrals to the merchant site.
– A set of rules that a search engine uses to rank listings in response
to a query. Search engines guard their algorithms closely, as they are
the unique formulas used to determine relevancy. Algorithms are
sometimes referred to as the ”secret sauce.”
ALT Text – Also known as alternative text or alt attribute.
An HTML tag (ALT tag) used to provide images with a text description in
the event images are turned off in a web browser. The images text
description is usually visible while "hovering” over the image. This tag
is also important for the web access of the visually impaired.
Anchor Text - Words used to link to a page, known as anchor text are an important signal to search engines to determine a page’s relevance.
– A practice through which web publishers – second tier search engines,
directories and vertical search engines – engage in the buying and
reselling of web traffic. Typically, arbitrage occurs when such
publishers pool client budgets to engage in PPC campaigns on Tier I
search engines (Google, Yahoo!, MSN). If the publishers pay $0.10 per
click for traffic, they typically resell those visitors to clients who
bid $0.20 or more for the same keywords. Successful arbitrage requires
that the arbitrageur must pay less per click than what the traffic sells
for. The variation called Affiliate Arbitrage involves a web site owner
or blogger bidding on keywords from programs such as Yahoo! Search
Marketing or Google AdWords, who then links the ads, either to their own
web site, or directly to a merchant site displaying ads (from programs
such as the Yahoo! Publisher Network or Google AdSense).
– The most popular type of PPC bidding. First, an advertiser determines
what maximum amount per click they are willing to spend for a keyword.
If there is no competition for that keyword, the advertiser pays their
bid, or less, for every click. If there is competition at auction for
that keyword, then the advertiser with the highest bid will pay one
penny more than their nearest competitor. For example, advertiser A is
willing to bid up to $0.50; advertiser B is willing to bid up to $0.75.
If advertiser A’s actual bid is $0.23, then advertiser B will only pay
$0.24 per click. Also referred to as market or competition-driven
– Search engines identify which ad for an individual advertiser
demonstrates the highest CTR (click-through rate) as time progresses,
and then optimizes the ad serve, showing that ad more often than other
ads in the same Ad Group/Ad Order.
B2B – Stands for "Business to Business.” A business that markets its services or products to other businesses.
B2C – Stands for "Business to
Consumer.” A business that markets its services or products to consumers.
Backlinks – All the links pointing at a particular web page. Also called inbound links. Source: Webmaster World Forums
Ban – Also known as Delisting. Refers to a punitive action imposed by a search engine in response to being spammed. Can be an IP address of a specific URL
– Time-lagged calculations (usually averages of one sort or another)
which provide a basis for making comparisons of past performance to
current performance. Baselines can also be forward-looking, such
establishing a goal and seeking to determine whether the trends show the
likelihood of meeting that goal. They become an essential piece of a
Key Performance Indicator (KPI).
– The practice of targeting and serving ads to groups of people who
exhibit similarities not only in their location, gender or age, but also
in how they act and react in their online environment. Behaviors
tracked and targeted include web site topic areas they frequently visit
or subscribe to; subjects or content or shopping categories for which
they have registered, profiled themselves or requested automatic updates
and information, etc.
– The maximum amount of money that an advertiser is willing to pay each
time a searcher clicks on an ad. Bid prices can vary widely depending
on competition from other advertisers and keyword popularity.
– A form of automated bid management that allows you to increase your
bids when ads are served to someone whose age or gender matches your
target market. This level of demographic focus and the "bid boosting”
tool are current Microsoft adCenter offerings.
Bid Management Software
- Software that manages PPC campaigns automatically, called either
rules-based (with triggering rules or conditions set by the advertiser)
or intelligent software (enacting real-time adjustments based on tracked
conversions and competitor actions). Both types of automatic bid
management programs monitor and change bid prices, pause campaigns,
manage budget maximums, adjust multiple keyword bids based on CTR,
position ranking and more.
Black Box Algorithms – Black box is technical jargon for a when system is viewed primarily in terms of input and output characteristics. A black box algorithm is one where the user cannot see the inner workings of the algorithm. All search engine algorithms are hidden.
- A list of Web sites that are considered off limits or dangerous. A
Web site can be placed on a blacklist because it is a fraudulent
operation or because it exploits browser vulnerabilities to send spyware
and other unwanted software to the user.
– A truncated form for "web log.” A blog is a frequently updated
journal that is intended for general public consumption. They usually
represent the personality of the author or web site. A good source of
blogging terms is at [www.whatis.techtarget.com] .
– Customer or user experience represented by images and ideas, often
referring to a symbol (name, logo, symbols, fonts, colors), a slogan and
a design scheme. Brand recognition and other reactions are created by
the accumulation of experiences with the specific product or service,
both from its use, and as influenced by advertising, design and media
commentary. Brand is often developed to represent implicit values, ideas
and even personality. Source: Wikipedia
Brand and Branding
– "A brand is a customer experience represented by a collection of
images and ideas; often, it refers to a symbol such as a name, logo,
slogan, and design scheme. Brand recognition and other reactions are
created by the accumulation of experiences with the specific product or
service, both directly relating to its use, and through the influence of
advertising, design, and media commentary.” (Added Definition) "A brand
often includes an explicit logo, fonts, color schemes, symbols, sound
which may be developed to represent implicit values, ideas, and even
personality.” Source: Wikipedia
– A measurable increase in consumer recall for a specific, branded
company, product or service. For example, brand lift might show an
increase in respondents who think of Dell for computers, or WalMart for
"every household thing.”
Brand Messaging – Creative messaging that presents and maintains a consistent corporate image across all media channels, including search.
Brand Reputation - The position a company brand occupies.
– The attempt to develop a strong brand reputation on the web to
increase brand recognition and create a significant volume of
Bridge Page – Often used to describe the web pages that linked together many doorway pages on a web site. Also see: Doorway Page, Hallway Page.
– An associative grouping for related concepts, keywords, behaviors and
audience characteristics associated with your company's product or
service. A "virtual container” of similar concepts used to develop PPC
keywords, focus ad campaigns and target messages.
BuyingFunnel – Also called the Buying Cycle, Buyer Decision Cycle and Sales Cycle,
Buying Funnel refers to a multi-step process of a consumer’s path to
purchase a product – from awareness to education to preferences and
intent to final purchase.
Buzz Monitoring Services
– Services that will email a client regarding their status in an
industry. Most buzz or publicity monitoring services will email anytime a
company’s name, executives, products, services or other keyword-based
information on them are mentioned on the web. Some services charge a
fee; others, such as Yahoo! and Google Alerts, are free.
– Topics popular in the media and with specific audiences that receive
news coverage or pass along recommendations that help increase exposure
for a brand. Ways to uncover potential buzz opportunities include
reviewing incoming traffic to a web site from organic links and
developing new keywords to reach those visitors, or scanning special
interest blogs and social media sites to learn what new topics attract
rising interest, also to develop new keywords and messages.
COA – Acronym for Cost of Acquisition, which is how much it costs to acquire a conversion (desired action), such as a sale.
– Acronym for Cost Per Acquisition (sometimes called Cost Per Action),
which is the total cost of an ad campaign divided by the number of
conversions. For example, if a campaign cost $100 and resulted in 5
conversions, the CPA is $20 ($100 / 5). It cost $20 to generate one
CPA or "Cost Per Acquisition”
– Also referred to as "Cost Per Action.” This is a metric used to
measure the total monetary cost of each sale, lead or action from start
CPC – Acronym
for Cost Per Click, or the amount search engines charge advertisers for
every click that sends a searcher to the advertiser’s web site. For an
advertiser, CPC is the total cost for each click-through received when
its ad is clicked on.
CPCor "Cost Per Click”
- Some search engines charge advertisers a cost for every click sent to
their web site. The "CPC” is the total cost for each click received.
– Acronym for Cost Per Thousand Impressions (ad serves or potential
viewers). Compare to CPC pricing (defined above). CPM is a standard
monetization model for offline display ad space, as well as for some
context-based networks serving online search ads to, for example, web
publishers and sites.
CPM or "Cost Per Thousand”
– A unit of measure typically assigned to the cost of displaying an ad.
If an ad appears on a web page 1,000 times and costs $5, then the CPM
would be $5. In this instance, every 1,000 times an ad appeared, it
would incur a charge of $5.
– Acronym for Cost Per Order. The dollar amount of advertising or
marketing necessary to acquire an order. Calculated by dividing
marketing expenses by the number of orders. Also referred to as CPA
(Cost Per Acquisition).
– Acronym for Click-Through Rate, the number of clicks that an ad gets,
divided by the total number of times that ad is displayed or served.
(Represented as: total clicks / total impressions for a specific ad =
CTR). For example, if an ad has 100 impressions and 6 clicks, the CTR is
6%. The higher the CTR, the more visitors your site is receiving; CTR
also factors into you advertiser search engine Quality Score and,
therefore, your minimum keyword bids on Tier I engines.
– Planning and executing a paid search campaign concurrently with other
marketing initiatives, online or offline, or both. More than simply
launching simultaneous campaigns, true paid search integration takes all
marketing initiatives into consideration prior to launch, such as
consistent messaging and image, driving offline conversions, supporting
brand awareness, increasing response rates and contributing to ROI
Canonicalization – The process of picking the best URL when there are several choices; this usually refers to home pages. Source: Matt Cutts Blog: SEO Advice.
In addition, "Canonicalization is the process of converting data that
has more than one possible representation into a "standard" canonical
representation. This can be done to compare different representations
for equivalence, to count the number of distinct data structures (e.g.,
in combinatorics), to improve the efficiency of various algorithms by
eliminating repeated calculations, or to make it possible to impose a
meaningful sorting order.” Source: Wikipedia
Cascading Style Sheets or CSS –
An addition to your HTML, a web site’s "cascading style sheet” contains
information on paragraph layout, font sizes, colors, etc. A cascading
style sheet has many uses as far as search engine optimization and web
site design are concerned.
Click Bot –
A program generally used to artificially click on paid listings within
the engines in order to artificially inflate click amounts.
– Clicks on a Pay-Per-Click advertisement that are motivated by
something other than a search for the advertised product or service.
Click fraud may be the result of malicious or negative
competitor/affiliate actions motivated by the desire to increase costs
for a competing advertiser or to garner click-through costs for the
collaborating affiliate. Also affects search engine results by diluting
the quality of clicks.
Click Through - When a user clicks on a hypertext link and is taken to the destination of that link
Click Through Rate
– The percentage of those clicking on a link out of the total number
who see the link. For example, imagine 10 people do a web search. In
response, they see links to a variety of web pages. Three of the 10
people all choose one particular link. That link then has a 30 percent
click-through rate. Also called CTR. Source: Webmaster World Forums
- Client-side tracking entails the process of tagging every page that
method is cookie based (available as first or third party cookies) and
is readily available to companies who do not own or manage their own
Cloaking - The
process by which a web site can display different versions of a web page
under different circumstances. It is primarily used to show an
optimized or a content-rich page to the search engines and a different
page to humans. Most major search engine representatives have publicly
stated that they do not approve of this practice.
The text contained within a "comment” tag in a web page. "Comments” are
used in a variety of situations, such as communication between web
developers and Cascading Style Sheets (See Above).
– As used in SEO, CA is the assessment and analysis of strengths and
weaknesses of competing web sites, including identifying traffic
patterns, major traffic sources, and keyword selection.
Consumer Generated Media (CGM)
- Refers to posts made by consumers to support or oppose products, web
sites, or companies, which are very powerful when it comes to company
image. It can reach a large audience and, therefore, may change your
Content Management Systems (CMS)
- In computing, a content management system (CMS) is a document centric
collaborative application for managing documents and other content. A
CMS is often a web application and often it is used as a method of
managing web sites and web content. The market for content management
systems remains fragmented, with many open source and proprietary
solutions available. Source: Wikipedia.org
Content Network – Also called Contextual Networks,
content networks include Google and Yahoo! Contextual Search networks
that serve paid search ads triggered by keywords related to the page
content a user is viewing.
– An ad serving process in Google and Yahoo! that displays keyword
triggered ads related to the content or subject (context) of the web
site a user is viewing. Contrast to search network serves, in which an
ad is displayed when a user types a keyword into the search box of a
search engine or one of its partner sites.
– Advertising that is automatically served or placed on a web page
based on the page’s content, keywords and phrases. Contrast to a SERP
(search engine result page) ad display. For example, contextual ads for
digital cameras would be shown on a page with an article about
photography, not because the user entered "digital cameras” in a search
– The marketing decision to display search ads on certain publisher
sites across the web instead of, or in addition to, placing PPC ads on
Contextual Network – Also called Content Ads and Content Network,
contextual network ads are served on web site pages adjacent to content
that contains the keywords being bid upon. Contextual ads are somewhat
like traditional display ads placed in print media and, like traditional
ad buys, are often purchased on the same CPM (cost per thousand
impressions) model for purchased keywords, rather than a CPC basis
– A search that analyzes the page being viewed by a user and gives a
list of related search results. Offered by Yahoo! and Google.
Contextual Search Campaigns
– A paid placement search campaign that takes a search ad listing
beyond search engine results pages and onto the sites of matched content
– The desired action you want a visitor to take on your site. Includes
purchase, subscription to the company newsletter, request for follow-up
or more information (lead generation), download of a company free offer
(research results, a video or a tool), subscription to company updates
Conversion Rate -
Conversion rates are measurements that determine how many of your
prospects perform the prescribed or desired action step. If your
prescribed response is for a visitor to sign up for a newsletter, and
you had 100 visitors and 1 newsletter signup, then your conversion rate
would be 1%. Typically, micro-conversions (for instance, reading
different pages on your site) lead to your main conversion step (making a
purchase, or signing up for a service).
– The number of visitors who convert (take a desired action at your
site) after clicking through on your ad, divided by the total number of
click-throughs to your site for that ad. (Expressed as: total
click-throughs that convert / total click-throughs for that ad =
conversion rate.) For example, if an ad brings in 150 click-throughs and
6 of the 150 clicks result in a desired conversion, then the conversion
rate is 4% (6 / 150 = 0.04). Higher conversion rates generally
translate into more successful PPC campaigns with a better ROI.
– Protection and ownership of works or expressions fixed in a tangible
form, including words, art, images, sounds, and music. Copyright gives
the owner the exclusive right to copy, display, license, or expand the
work. Copyrights cover virtually any original expression; and the
protection arises under common law as soon as the original expression is
created (fixed in tangible form). However, proving ownership of the
original expression may be difficult legally, unless the work was
displayed or used publicly at a verifiable point in time.
– Automated programs in search engines that gather web site listings by
automatically crawling the web. A search engine's crawler (also called a
spider or robot) "reads” page text contents and web page coding, and
also follows links to other hyperlinked pages on the web pages it
crawls. A crawler makes copies of the web pages found and stores these
in the search engine's index, or database.
Crawler: Also known as a bot and spider,
a crawler is a program that search engines use to seek out information
on the web. The act of "crawling” on a web site is referred to when the
crawler begins to search through documents contained within the web
site. Also see Index.
– Unique words, design and display of a paid-space advertisement. In
paid search advertising, creative refers to the ad’s title (headline),
description (text offer) and display URL (clickable link to advertiser’s
web site landing page). Unique creative display includes word emphasis
(boldfaced, italicized, in quotes), typeface style and, on some sites,
added graphic images, logos, animation or video clips.
Custom Feed –
Create custom feeds for each of the shopping engines that allow you to
submit XML feeds. Each of the engines has different product categories
and feed requirements.
DHTML – Stands for Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language.
– Acronym for Dynamic Keyword Insertion, the insertion of the EXACT
keywords a searcher included in his or her search request in the
returned ad title or description. As an advertiser, you have bid on a
table or cluster of these keyword variations, and DKI makes your ad
listings more relevant to each searcher.
– Acronym for Digital Millennium Copyright Act. "The Digital Millennium
Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law
which….criminalizes production and dissemination of technology, devices,
or services that are used to circumvent measures that control access to
copyrighted works (commonly known as DRM), and criminalizes the act of
circumventing an access control, even when there is no infringement of
copyright itself. [Circumvention of controlled access includes
unscrambling, copying, sharing, commercial recording or reverse
engineering copyrighted entertainment or software.] It also heightens
the penalties for copyright infringement on the Internet.” Source: Wikipedia
– The ability to specify different times of day – or day of week – for
ad displays, as a way to target searchers more specifically. An option
that limits serves of specified ads based on day and time factors.
– Linking that guides, directs and links a click-through searcher (or a
search engine crawler) to a very specific and relevant product or
category web page from search terms and PPC ads.
Description Tag -
Refers to the information contained in the description META tag. This
tag is meant to hold the brief description of the web page it is
included on. The information contained in this tag is generally the
description displayed immediately after the main link on many search
engine result pages.
Directory Search – Also known as a search directory.
Refers to a directory of web sites contained in an engine that are
categorized into topics. The main difference between a search directory
and a search engine is in how the listings are obtained. A search
directory relies on user input in order to categorize and include a web
site. Additionally, a directory usually only includes higher-level pages
of a domain.
– The web page URL that one actually sees in a PPC text ad. Display URL
usually appears as the last line in the ad; it may be a simplified path
for the longer actual URL, which is not visible.
– A network of web sites (content publishers, ISPs) or search engines
and their partner sites on which paid ads can be distributed. The
network receives advertisements from the host search engine, paid for
with a CPC or CPM model. For example, Google’s advertising network
includes not only the Google search site, but also searchers at AOL,
Netscape and the New York Post online edition, among others.
Domain – Refers to a specific web site address.
Doorway Page –
A web page specifically created in order to obtain rankings within the
natural listings of a search engine. These pages generally are filled
with keywords and are meant to funnel surfers into the main web site.
This practice is generally considered an outdated spam tactic. This term
is not to be confused with a "landing page.”
Dynamic Landing Pages
– Dynamic landing pages are web pages to which click-through searchers
are sent that generate changeable (not static) pages with content
specifically relevant to the keyword search. For example, if a user is
looking for trucks, then a
dynamic landing page with information and pictures on multiple models
and, possibly, geographically localized dealerships might be served. The
term truck would trigger a data dump into a web site template for all possible vehicles, that serves all truck-related information.
Dynamic Text (Insertion)
– This is text, a keyword or ad copy that customizes search ads
returned to a searcher by using parameters to insert the desired text
somewhere in the title or ad. When the search query (for example,
"hybrid cars”) matches the defined parameter (for example, all brands of
electric/gasoline passenger cars AND SUVs), then the associated term
(hybrid) is plugged into the ad. Dynamic insertion makes the ad mirror
exact terms used in the search query, creating very relevant ads. See
also DKI (Dynamic Keyword Insertion).
– Acronym for Effective Cost Per Thousand, a hybrid Cost-Per-Click
(CPC) auction calculated by multiplying the CPC times the click-through
rate (CTR), and multiplying that by one thousand. (Represented by: (CPC x
CTR) x 1000 = eCPM.) This monetization model is used by Google to rank
site-targeted CPM ads (in the Google content network) against
keyword-targeted CPC ads (Google AdWords PPC) in their hybrid auction.
Ecommerce - Conducting commercial transactions on the internet where goods, information or services are bought and sold.
Editorial Review Process
– A review process for potential advertiser listings conducted by
search engines, which check to ensure relevancy and compliance with the
engine’s editorial policy. This process could be automated – using a
spider to crawl ads – or it could be human editorial ad review.
Sometimes it’s a combination of both. Not all PPC Search Engines review
Entry Page – Refers to any page within a web site that a user employs to "enter” your web site. Also see Landing Page.
Eye Tracking Studies
– Studies by Google, Marketing Sherpa and Poynter Institute using
Eyetools technology to track the eye movements of web page readers, in
order to understand reading and click-through patterns.
FAQ – Stands for "Frequently Asked Questions.”
Stands for "Free for All” link pages. These are not search engines or
directories. They are, for the most part, pages that simply take URL
submissions that usually stay active for a period of time. A submission
is placed at the top of their list and then moved down, and eventually
out, as other submissions are made. These are seen as outdated and were
used in an attempt to artificially inflate link popularity.
F.T.P – Stands for "File Transfer Protocol.”
– A web document that is a shortened or updated (revised content only)
version of a web page created for syndication. Usually served at user
request, through subscription; also includes ad feeds to shopping
engines and paid-inclusion ad models. Ad feeds are usually in Extensible
Markup Language (XML) or Rich Site Summary (RSS) format.
"Flash technology has become a popular method for adding animation and
interactivity to web pages; several software products, systems, and
devices are able to create or display Flash. Flash is commonly used to
create animation, advertisements, various web page components, to
integrate video into web pages, and more recently, to develop rich
internet applications.” Source: Wikipedia
- HTML technique that allows two or more pages to display in one
browser window. Many search engines had trouble indexing web sites that
used frames, generally only seeing the contents of a single frame. See
also "No Frames.”
– Stands for "Graphical User Interface.” Means a visual representation
of the functional code. Or, is a way for the average web user to
interface with a database, program, etc.
Gateway page – See Doorway Page.
– The geographic location of the searcher. Geo-targeting allows you to
specify where your ads will or won’t be shown based on the searcher’s
location, enabling more localized and personalized results.
– A file with one or more configuration directives placed in a web site
document directory. The directives apply to that directory and all
HTTP – Stands for "Hypertext Transfer Protocol.”
HTTPS – Stands for "Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure.”
HTTP Referrer Data
– A program included in most web analytics packages that analyzes and
reports the source of traffic to the user’s web site. The HTTP referrer
allows webmasters, site owners and PPC advertisers to uncover new
audiences or sites to target or to calculate conversions and ROI for
future ad campaigns.
– Search terms that are short, popular and straightforward; e.g.,
"helicopter skiing." These short terms are called "head terms" based on a
bell-curve distribution of keyword usage that displays the high numbers
of most-used terms at the "head” end of the bell curve graph. See also Tail Terms.
Hidden text -- (Also known as Invisible text.)
Text that is visible to the search engines but hidden to a user. It is
traditionally accomplished by coloring a block of HTML text the same
color as the background color of the page. More creative methods have
also been employed to create the same effect while making it more
difficult for the search engines to detect or filter it. It is primarily
used for the purpose of including extra keywords in the page without
distorting the aesthetics of the page. Most search engines penalize or
ignore URLs from web sites that use this practice.
– The request or retrieval of any item located within a web page. For
example, if a user enters a web page with 5 pictures on it, it would be
counted as 6 "hits.” One hit is counted for the web page itself, and
another 5 hits count for the pictures.
IFRAME – "IFrame (from inline frame)
is an HTML element which makes it possible to embed another HTML
document inside the main document. The size of the IFrame is specified
in the surrounding HTML page, so that the surrounding page can already
be presented in the browser while the IFrame is still being loaded. The
IFrame behaves much like an inline image, and the user can scroll it out
of view. On the other hand, the IFrame can contain its own scroll bar,
independent of the surrounding page's scroll bar. Source: Wikipedia
– Acronym for Internet Protocol Television, which delivers digital
television service using the Internet Protocol over a network. IPTV
delivery may be through a high capacity, high speed broadband
connection. Compared to traditional broadcast and cable television, IPTV
may offer new venues for PPC search advertisers through program
interfaces and stored individual preferences. Source:Wikipedia
– One view or display of an ad. Ad reports list total impressions per
ad, which tells you the number of times your ad was served by the search
engine when searchers entered your keywords (or viewed a content page
containing your keywords).
Index – A search engine’s "index” refers to the amount of documents found by a search engines crawler on the web.
Indexability - Also known as crawlability and spiderability.
Indexability refers to the potential of a web site or its contents to
be crawled or "indexed” by a search engine. If a site is not
"indexable,” or if a site has reduced indexability, it has difficulties
getting its URLs included.
– "Dedicated and shared IPs. –(An IP address is) an identifier for a
computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP
protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The
format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address, written as four
numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255. For
example, 188.8.131.52 could be an IP address.” Source: Webopedia. (Added definition) An IP Address can be dedicated for one web site or shared by multiple web sites.
– Abbreviation for Internet Protocol Address, a unique combination of
numbers assigned to individual electronic devices or networks that
communicate over the Internet. Basically, it’s a trackable address for
any computer, and it can be used to localize results (see Geo-Targeting). Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) oversees global IP address allocation.
IPAddressLookup – The process of determining a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address. DNSstuff is one free program to look up an IP address (www.dnsstuff.com).
- ISAPI_rewrite is a powerful URL manipulation engine based on regular
expressions. It acts mostly like Apache's mod_rewrite, but is designed
specifically for Microsoft's Internet Information Server (IIS).
ISAPI_rewrite is an ISAPI filter written in pure C/C++ so it is
extremely fast. ISAPI_rewrite gives you the freedom to go beyond the
standard URL schemes and develop your own scheme. Source
also to enable scripting access to objects in other applications.
A single word that relates to a specific subject or topic. For example,
"glossary” would be a keyword for this document. See also Keyword Phrase.
Keyword / Keyword Phrase
– A specific word or combination of words that a searcher might type
into a search field. Includes generic, category keywords;
industry-specific terms; product brands; common misspellings and
expanded variations (called Keyword Stemming), or multiple words (called Long Tail
for their lower CTRs but sometimes better conversion rates). All might
be entered as a search query. For example, someone looking to buy coffee
mugs might use the keyword phrase "ceramic coffee mugs.” Also, keywords
– which trigger ad network and contextual network ad serves – are the
auction components on which PPC advertisers bid for all Ad Groups/Orders
The number of times a keyword or keyword phrase is used in the body of a
page. This is a percentage value determined by the number of words on
the page, as opposed to the number of times the specific keyword appears
within it. In general, the higher the number of times a keyword appears
in a page, the higher its density.
Keyword Phrase –
Two or more keywords relating to a specific topic. For example, "Mind
numbingly boring glossary” would be a keyword phrase to describe this
– To return to the root or stem of a word and build additional words by
adding a prefix or suffix, or using pluralization. The word can expand
in either direction and even add words, increasing the number of
Keyword Stuffing – Generally refers to the act of adding an inordinate number of keyword terms into the HTML or tags of a web page.
- Refers to the META keywords tag within a web page. This tag is meant
to hold approximately 8 – 10 keywords or keyword phrases, separated by
commas. These phrases should be either misspellings of the main page
topic, or terms that directly reflect the content on the page on which
they appear. Keyword tags are sometimes used for internal search results
as well as viewed by search engines.
Keyword Targeting – Displaying Pay Per Click search ads on publisher sites across the Web (see also Contextual Networks) that contain the keywords in a context advertiser’s Ad Group.
KPI, Key Performance Indicators
-- KPI are metrics used to quantify objectives that reflect the
strategic performance of your online marketing campaigns. They provide
business and marketing intelligence to assess a measurable objective and
the direction in which that objective is headed. (See Module 5, Lesson
2, for key definitions for general and SEO-specific KPIs.)
Landing Page / Destination Page
– The web page at which a searcher arrives after clicking on an ad.
When creating a PPC ad, the advertiser displays a URL (and specifies the
exact page URL in the code) on which the searcher will land after
clicking on an ad in the SERP. Landing pages are also known as "where
the deal is closed,” as it is landing page actions that determine an
advertiser’s conversion rate success.
Latent Semantic Indexing - LSI uses word associations to help search engines know more accurately what a page is about.
– Web sites that generate leads for products or services offered by
another company. On a lead generation site, the visitor is unable to
make a purchase but will fill out a contact form in order to get more
information about the product or service presented. A submitted contact
form is considered a lead. It contains personal information about a
visitor who has some degree of interest in a product or service.
Link Cardinality – See "Link Popularity.”
Link Farming – The attempt to substantially and artificially increase link popularity.
– Link popularity generally refers to the total number of links
pointing to any particular URL. There are typically two types of link
popularity: Internal and External. Internal link popularity typically
refers to the number of links or pages within a web site that link to a
specific URL. External link popularity refers to the number of inbound
links from external web sites that are pointing to a specific URL. If
you have more "links” than your competitors, you are typically known to
have link cardinality or link superiority.
Linkbait – Also known as link bait,
this is something on your site that people will notice and link to. By
linking to your site, other sites are saying they value the content of
your site and that they think other people will be interested in it,
Linking Profile – A
profile is a representation of the extent to which something exhibits
various characteristics. A linking profile is the results of an analysis
of where of your links are coming from.
- All server software stores information about web site incoming and
outgoing activities. Web log files function like the "black box” that
records everything during an airplane’s flight. The log file is usually
in the root directory but it may also be found in a secondary folder. If
you do not have permission to access these files, then you will need
the help of the server administrator.
Log File Analysis
- The analysis of records stored in the log file. In its raw format,
the data in the log files can be hard to read and overwhelming. There
are numerous log file analyzers that convert log file data into
user-friendly charts and graphs. A good analyzer is generally considered
an essential tool in SEO because it can show search engine statistics
such as the number of visitors received from each search engine, the
keywords each visitors used to find the site, visits by search engine
– Keyword phrases with at least three, sometimes four or five, words in
them. These long tail keywords are usually highly specific and draw
lower traffic than shorter, more competitive keyword phrases, which is
why they are also cheaper. Oftentimes, long tail keywords, in aggregate,
have good conversion ratios for the low number of click-throughs they
Long-tailed Keywords – Keyword phrases with at least 2 or 3 words in them.
– Ad networks that pull advertiser listings from other providers. They
may or may not have their own distribution and advertiser networks.
METARefresh redirect - A client-side redirect.
- A system of measures that helps to quantify particular
characteristics. In SEO the following are some important metrics to
measure: overall traffic, search engine traffic, conversions, top
traffic-driving keywords, top conversion-driving keywords, keyword
– The least amount that an advertiser can bid for a keyword or keyword
phrase and still be active on the search ad network. This amount can
range from $0.01 to $0.50 (or more for highly competitive keywords), and
are set by the search engine.
Mod_rewrite - URL Rewrite processes, also known as "mod rewrites,”
are employed when a webmaster decides to reorganize a current web site,
either for the benefit of better user experience with a new directory
structure or to clean up URLs which are difficult for search engines to
– A type of testing that varies and tests more than one or two campaign
elements at a time to determine the best performing elements and
combinations. Multivariate testing can gather significant results on
many different components of, for example, alternative PPC ad titles or
descriptions in a short period of time. Often it requires special
expertise to analyze complex statistical results. (Compare to A/B Testing
which changes only one element at a time, alternately serving an "old”
version ad and a changed ad.) In search advertising, you might do A/B
Split or Multivariate testing to learn what parts of a landing page
(background color, title, headline, fill in forms, design, images)
produce higher conversions and are more cost effective.
Naked Links – A posted and visible link in the text of a web page that directs to a web site.
– Filtered-out keywords to prevent ad serves on them in order to avoid
irrelevant click-through charges on, for example, products that you do
not sell, or to refine and narrow the targeting of your Ad Group’s
keywords. Microsoft adCenter calls them "excluded keywords." Formatting
negative keywords varies by search engine; but they are usually
designated with a minus sign.
No Frames Tag -
A tag used to describe the content of a frame to a user or engine which
had trouble displaying / reading frames. Frequently misused and often
referred to as "Poor mans cloaking”.
No Script Tag -
The noscript element is used to define an alternate content (text) if a
script is NOT executed. This tag is used for browsers that recognizes
the <script> tag, but does not support the script in it.
NoFollow - NoFollow is an attribute webmasters can place on links that tell search engines not to count the link as a vote or not to send
any trust to that site. Search engines will follow the link, yet it
will not influence search results. NoFollows can be added to any link
with this code: "rel="nofollow"."
– Listings on SERPs that were not paid for; listings for which search
engines do not sell space. Sites appear in organic (also called
"natural”) results because a search engine has applied formulas
(algorithms) to its search crawler index, combined with editorial
decisions and content weighting, that it deems important enough
inclusion without payment. Paid Inclusion Content
is also often considered "organic" even though it is paid advertising
because paid inclusion content usually appears on SERPs mixed with
unpaid, organic results.
Organic Search Listings
- Listings that search engines do not sell (unlike paid listings).
Instead, sites appear solely because a search engine has deemed it
editorially important for them to be included, regardless of payment. Paid Inclusion Content
is also often considered "organic" even though it is paid for. This is
because paid inclusion content usually appears intermixed with unpaid
Organic Search Rankings – Search engine ranking of web pages found in SERPs.
P4P – Acronym for Pay for Performance, also designated as PFP. See also PPC Advertising.
PFP – Acronym for Pay for Performance; also designated as P4P. See also PPC Advertising.
PPC – Acronym for Pay Per Click. See also PPC Advertising.
PPCSE – Acronym for Pay-Per-Click Search Engine.
– PR is the Google technology developed at Stanford University for
placing importance on pages and web sites. At one point, PageRank (PR)
was a major factor in rankings. Today it is one of hundreds of factors
in the algorithm that determines a page’s rankings.
– Refers to the process of paying a fee to a search engine in order to
be included in that search engine or directory. Also known as
"guaranteed inclusion.” Paid inclusion does not impact rankings of a web
page; it merely guarantees that the web page itself will be included in
the index. These programs were typically used by web sites that were
not being fully crawled or were incapable of being crawled, due to
dynamic URL structures, frames, etc.
Pay Per Call
– A model of paid advertising similar to Pay Per Click (PPC), except
advertisers pay for every phone call that comes to them from a search
ad, rather than for every click-through to their web site landing page
for the ad. Often higher cost than PPC advertising; but valued by
advertisers for higher conversion rates from consumers who take the
action step of telephoning an advertiser.
– These are "people types" or sub-groups that encompass several
attributes, such as gender, age, location, salary level, leisure
activities, lifestyle characteristics, marital/family status or some
kind of definable behavior. Useful profiles for focusing ad messages and
offers to targeted segments.
Podcasts – "A podcast
is a media file that is distributed over the internet using syndication
feeds, for playback on portable media players and personal computers.
Like 'radio,' it can mean both the content and the method of
syndication. The latter may also be termed podcasting. The host or author of a podcast is often called a podcaster.” Source: Wikipedia
– In PPC advertising, position is the placement on a search engine
results page where your ad appears relative to other paid ads and to
organic search results. Top ranking paid ads (high ranking 10 to 15
results, depending on the engine) usually appear at the top of the SERP
and on the "right rail” (right-side column of the page). Ads appearing
in the top three paid-ad or Sponsored Ad slots are known as Premium
Positions. Paid search ad position is determined by confidential
algorithms and Quality Score measures specific to each search engine.
However, factors in the engines’ position placement under some
advertiser control include bid price, the ad’s CTR, relevancy of your ad
to searcher requests, relevance of your click-through landing page to
the search request, and quality measures search engines calculate to
ensure quality user experience.
– A feature in Google AdWords and in Microsoft adCenter enabling
advertisers to specify in which positions they would like their ads to
appear on the SERP. Not a position guarantee.
– Acronym for Pay-Per-Click Advertising, a model of online advertising
in which advertisers pay only for each click on their ads that directs
searchers to a specified landing page on the advertiser’s web site. PPC
ads may get thousands of impressions (views or serves of the ad); but,
unlike more traditional ad models billed on a CPM
(Cost-Per-Thousand-Impressions) basis, PPC advertisers only pay when
their ad is clicked on. Charges per ad click-through are based on
advertiser bids in hybrid ad space auctions and are influenced by
competitor bids, competition for keywords and search engines’
proprietary quality measures of advertiser ad and landing page content.
– The monitoring and maintenance of a Pay-Per-Click campaign or
campaigns. This includes changing bid prices, expanding and refining
keyword lists, editing ad copy, testing campaign components for cost
effectiveness and successful conversions, and reviewing performance
reports for reports to management and clients, as well as results to
feed into future PPC campaign operations.
– A number assigned by Google to paid ads in a hybrid auction that,
together with maximum CPC, determines each ad’s rank and SERP position.
Quality Scores reflect an ad’s historical CTR, keyword relevance,
landing page relevance, and other factors proprietary to Google. Yahoo!
refers to the Quality Score as a Quality Index. And both Google and
Yahoo! display 3- or 5-step indicators of quality evaluations for
– The keyword or keyword phrase a searcher enters into a search field,
which initiates a search and results in a SERP with organic and paid
– Acronym for Return On Advertising Spending, the profit generated by
ad campaign conversions per dollar spent on advertising expenses.
Calculated by dividing advertising-driven profit by ad spending.
– Acronym for Return On Investment, the amount of money you make on
your ads compared to the amount of money you spend on your ads. For
example, if you spend $100 on PPC ads and make $150 from those ads, then
your ROI would be 50%. (Calculated as: ($150 - $100) / 100 = $50 / 100 =
50%.) The higher your ROI, the more successful your advertising,
although some practitioners in search advertising consider ROAS a more
useful metric, as it breaks down cost and expenses by conversions per
advertising dollar spent.
RSS – Acronym for Rich Site Summary or Real Simple Syndication, a family of web feed formats that leverages XML for distributing and sharing headlines and information from other web content (also known as syndication).
– How well positioned a particular web page or web site appears in
search engine results. For example, if you rank at position #1, you’re
the first listed paid or sponsored ad. If you’re in position #18, it is
likely that your ad appears on the second or third page of search
results, after 17 competitor paid ads and organic listings. Rank and
position affect your click-through rates and, ultimately, conversion
rates for your landing pages.
Raw Data Feed
– Raw data is information that has been collected but not formatted,
analyzed or processed. This raw data can be used to build an optimized
Reciprocal Link – Two different sites that link out to each other. Also referred to as Cross Linking.
Relative URL’s Link - Relative URLs link to just the file, for example, "page1.htm”. (See also Absolute URL’s link.)
– In relation to PPC advertising, relevance is a measure of how closely
your ad title, description, and keywords are related to the search
query and the searcher’s expectations.
Reverse DNS – A process to determine the hostname or host associated with an IP or host address.
Revshare / RevenueSharing
– A method of allocating per-click revenue to a site publisher, and
click-through charges to a search engine that distributes paid-ads to
its context network partners, for every page viewer who clicks on the
content site’s sponsored ads. A type of site finder’s fee.
– Media with embedded motion or interactivity. A growing option for PPC
advertisers as rates of broadband connectivity increase.
RightRail – The common name for the right-side column of a web page. On a SERP, right rail is usually where sponsored listings appear.
- A text file present in the root directory of a website which is used
to direct the activity of search engine crawlers. This file is typically
used to tell a crawler which portions of the site should be crawled and
which should not be crawled.
RSS (Really Simply Syndication, Rich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary)
- A family of web feed formats used for distributing frequently updated
digital content, such as blogs, news, podcasts, and videos
RSS Aggregators – "A
client software that uses web feed to retrieve syndicated web content
such as blogs, podcasts, vlogs, and mainstream mass media websites, or
in the case of a search aggregator, a customized set of search
results….Such applications are also referred to as RSS readers, feed readers, feed aggregators, news readers or search aggregators. These have been recently supplemented by the so-called RSS-narrators [such as TalkingNews or Talkr] which not only aggregate news feeds but also converts them into podcasts.” Source: Wikipedia
– Acronym for "Search Engine Marketing.” A form of internet marketing
that seeks to promote websites by increasing their visibility in search
engine result pages (SERPs). SEM methods include: search engine
optimization (SEO), paid placement, contextual advertising, digital
asset optimization, and paid inclusion. When this term is used to
describe an individual, it stands for "Search Engine Marketer" or one
who performs SEM.
– Acronym for "Search Engine Optimization.” This is the process of
editing a web site’s content and code in order to improve visibility
within one or more search engines. When this term is used to describe an
individual, it stands for "Search Engine Optimizer” or one who performs
SERP – Acronym for
Search Engine Results Page, the page delivered to a searcher that
displays the results of a search query entered into the search field.
Displays both paid ad (sponsored) and organic listings in varying
positions or rank.
SSP Feed – See Search Submit Pro and Feeds.
Saturation (Search Engine Saturation) --
A term relating to the number of URLs included from a specific web site
in any given search engine. The higher the saturation level or number
of pages indexed into a search engine, the higher the potential traffic
levels and rankings.
- Similar to a search engine, in that they both compile databases of
web sites. A directory does not use crawlers in order to obtain entries
in its search database. Instead, it relies on user interaction and
submissions for the content it contains. Submissions are then
categorized by topic and normally alphabetized, so that the results of
any search will start with site descriptions that begin with some number
or non-letter character, then moving from A-to-Z.
Search Engines -
A search engine is a database of many web pages. Most engines display
the number of web pages they hold in their database at any given time. A
search engine generally "ranks” or orders the results according to a
set of parameters. These parameters (called algorithms) vary among
search engines; they are always improving in order to identify spam as
well as improve relevance. See also SERP, Algorithm.
– Movement of searchers, who tend to do several searches before
reaching a buy decision, that works from broad, general keyword search
terms to narrower, specific keywords. Advertisers use the search funnel
to anticipate customer intent and develop keywords targeted to different
stages. Also refers to potential for switches at stages in the funnel
when, for example, searchers start with keywords for a desired brand,
but switch to other brands after gathering information on the category.
Microsoft AdCenter tested a search funnel keyword tool in 2006 to target
keywords to search funnel stages.
– The word or phrase a searcher types into a search field, which
initiates search engine results page listings and PPC ad serves. In PPC
advertising, the goal is to bid on keywords that closely match the
search queries of the advertiser’s targets. See also Query.
Search Submit Pro (SSP)
– Search Submit Pro is Yahoo!’s paid inclusion product that uses a
"feed” tactic. With Search Submit Pro, Yahoo! crawls your web site as
well as an optimized XML feed that represents the content on your site.
Yahoo! applies its algorithm to both the actual web site pages and the
XML feed to determine which listing is most appropriate to appear in the
organic search results when a user conducts a search for relevant
terms. Yahoo! charges a CPC, determined by category, for each time a
listing established through SSP is clicked.
Secondary Links – Links that are indirectly acquired links, such as a story in a major newspaper about a new product your company released.
– A technique for developing relevant keywords for PPC Ad Groups, by
focusing tightly on keywords and keyword phrases that are associative
and closely related, referred to as "semantic clustering.” Focused and
closely-related keyword groups, which would appear in the advertiser’s
ad text and in the content of the click-through landing page, are more
likely to meet searchers’ expectations and, therefore, support more
effective advertising and conversion rates.
Server-side Tracking --
The process of analyzing web server log files. Server-side analytics
tools make sense of raw data to generate meaningful reports and trends
Session Id’s –
dynamic parameters, such as session IDs generated by cookies for each
individual user. Session IDs cause search engines to see a different URL
for each page each time that they return to re-crawl a web site.
Share of Voice
–”A brand's (or group of brands') advertising weight, expressed as a
percentage of a defined total market or market segment in a given time
period. SOV advertising weight is usually defined in terms of
expenditure, ratings, pages, poster sites, etc.” Source: Wikipedia
Siloing – Siloing (also known as Theming)
is a site architecture technique used to split the focus of a site into
multiple themes. The goal behind siloing is to create a site that ranks
well for both its common and more-targeted keywords. Source: Bruce Clay Newsletter 09/06
– Site targeting lets advertisers display their ads on
manually-selected sites in the search engine’s content network for
content or contextual ad serves. Site-targeted ads are billed more like
traditional display ads, per 1000 impressions (CPM), and not on a
Social Media or Social Search – Sites where users actively participate to determine what is popular.
– Any search marketing method that a search engine deems to be
detrimental to its efforts to deliver relevant, quality search results.
Some search engines have written guidelines on their definitions and
penalties for SPAM. Examples include doorway landing pages designed
primarily to game search engine algorithms rather than meet searcher
expectations from the advertiser’s clicked-on ad; keyword stuffing in
which search terms that motivated a click-through are heavily and
redundantly repeated on a page in place of relevant content; attempts to
redirect click-through searchers to irrelevant pages, product offers
and services; and landing pages that simply compile additional links on
which a searcher must click to get any information. Determining what
constitutes SPAM is complicated by the fact that different search
engines have different standards, including what is allowable for
listings gathered through organic methods versus paid inclusion
(referred to as spamdexing), whether the listing is from a commercial or
research/academic source, etc. Source: Webmaster World Forums
Spamming refers to a wide array of techniques used to "trick” the
search engines. These tactics generally are against the guidelines put
forth by the search engines. Tactics such as Hidden text, Doorway Pages,
Content Duplication and Link Farming are but a few of many spam
techniques employed over the years. (Also see: delicious lunchmeat.)
Spider – See Crawler.
– Refers to an entry page or main page of a web site that is
interactive or graphically intense. Many splash pages are designed using
Sponsored Listing –
A term used as a title or column head on SERPs to identify paid
advertisers and distinguish between paid and organic listings. Alternate
names are Paid Listings or Paid Sponsors.
Separating paid listings from organic results enables searchers to make
their own purchase and site trust decisions and, in fact, resulted from
an FTC complaint filed by Commercial Alert in 2001 alleging that the
confusion caused in consumers who saw mixed paid and unpaid results
constituted fraud in advertising.
– The degree to which an observed result, such as a difference between
two measurements, can be relied upon and not attributed to random error
in sampling or in measurement. Statistical Validity is important to the
reliability of test results, particularly in Multivariate Testing
methods. Source: UsabilityFirst.com
A word that often appears in a page’s copy or content, but it has no
significance by itself. Examples of stop words are: and, the, of, etc.
The act of submitting a web site to search engines and search
directories. For some search engines, this is performed simply by typing
in the absolute home page URL of the web site you wish to submit. Other
engines and directories request that descriptions of the web site be
submitted for approval.
Super Verbs - Compelling verbs that trigger emotions or visual images.
– Acronym for Top Level Page, a reference to the home page, category
pages, or product pages that have unique value for the site and so are
structured in the top levels of the site directory.
– Acronym for Top Level Page feed, the often automatic and
on-subscription feed of an advertiser’s home page or unique category
pages. See also Feeds.
– Search terms that are very specific, long phrases that include one or
more modifiers, such as "cheapest helicopter skiing near Banff BC."
These longer, more specific terms are called "tail terms" based on a
bell-curve distribution of keyword usage that displays the low numbers
of little-used terms at the "tail” end of the bell curve graph. (See
"The Long Tail” by Wired editor
Chris Anderson.) Although long, specific and lesser-used tail terms
have low CTRs, they are less competitive (and therefore cheaper) and
often catch buyers at the end of the purchase decision process. This
means that, even with low click-through numbers, tail terms can have
good conversion rates. See also Head Terms.
– Narrowly focusing ads and keywords to attract a specific,
marketing-profiled searcher and potential customer. You can target to
geographic locations (geo-targeting), by days of the week or time of day
(dayparting), or by gender and age (demographic targeting). Targeting
features vary by search engine. Newer ad techniques and software focus
on behavioral targeting, based on web activity and behaviors that are
predictive for potential customers who might be more receptive to
Themes - A
theme is an overall idea of what a web page is focused on. Search
engines determine the theme of a web page through analysis in the
algorithm of the density of associated words on a page.
TierI Search Engines
– The top echelon, or top three, search engines that serve the vast
majority of searcher queries. Also referred to as Major Engines, Top
Tier Engines or GYM, for Google, Yahoo! and Microsoft Live Search.
Tier II Search Engines
– Smaller, vertical and specialized engines, including general engines,
such as Ask.com and AOL; meta-engines that search and display results
from other search engines, such as Dogpile; local engines, shopping and
comparison engines, and business vertical engines. Tier II Search
Engines don’t offer the search query market share or features of the
Tier I engines; however, Tier II engines can target specific, niche
markets and are usually lower cost.
Tier III Search Engines
– Contextual distribution networks, through which marketers’ ads appear
on pages within the PPC engine’s content network, triggered by user web
site page views at the moment that contain the advertiser’s keyword in
its content. Cost is usually through Cost-Per-Thousand-Impressions (CPM)
charges, rather than Pay Per Click (PPC). As discussed in Fundamentals
coursework, Google’s contextual distribution program is called AdSense;
Yahoo!’s is called Content Match.
Title Tag - An HTML tag appearing in the <head> tag of a web page that contains the page title. The page title should
be determined by the relevant contents of that specific web page. The
contents of a title tag for a web page is generally displayed in a
search engine result as a bold blue underlined hyperlink.
- A protocol that allows a blogger to link to posts, often on other
blogs, that relate to a selected subject. Blogging software that
supports Trackback includes a "TrackBack URL" with each post that
displays other blogs that have linked to it. Source: Blog Terms Glossary Tech at Whatis.techtarget.com
– A specially designed and/or unique URL created to track an action or
conversion from paid advertising. The URL can include strings that will
show what keyword was used, what match type was triggered, and what
search engine delivered the visitor.
– Distinctive symbols, pictures or words that identify a specific
product or service. Received through registration with the U.S. Patent
& Trademark Office. Tier I search engines prohibit bids on
trademarks as keywords if the bidder is not the legal owner, though this
keyword bid practice is still allowed by Google.
Traffic – Refers to the number of visitors a website receives. It can be determined by examination of web logs.
– The process of analyzing traffic to a web site to understand what
visitors are searching for and what is driving traffic to a site.
Trusted Feed – Also known as Paid Inclusion,
a trusted feed is a fee-based custom crawl service offered by some
search engines. These results appear in the "organic search results” of
the engine. Typically, the fee is based on a "cost per click,” depending
on the category of site content. It has been called a "Trusted Feed”
due to the ability to actually alter the content in the feed, without
changing the existing website. Also see: Paid Inclusion.
TXT//AD – Text ads as mobile device text messages.
USPTO – Acronym for United States Patent & Trademark Office. See also Trademarks.
– Identifies an actual web surfer (as opposed to a crawler) and is
tracked by a unique identifiable quality (typically IP address). If a
visitor comes to a web site and clicks on 100 links, it is still only
counted as one unique visit.
This term refers to how "user friendly" a web site and its functions
are. A site with good usability is a site that makes it easy for
visitors to find the information they are looking for or to perform the
action they desire. Bad usability is anything that causes confusion or
problems for the user. For example, large Flash animations served to a
visitor with a dial up connection causes poor usability. Easy, intuitive
navigation and clear, informative text enhance usability.
- This is the identity of a web site visitor, spider, browser, etc. The
most common user agents are Mozilla and Internet Explorer.
– "A customer value proposition is the sum total of benefits a customer
is promised to receive in return for his or her custom and the
associated payment (or other value transfer)." A customer value
proposition is what is promised by a company's marketing and sales
efforts, and then fulfilled by its delivery and customer service
processes.” Source: Wikipedia
– Positioning trends when vertical listings appear at the top of
organic search engine results and below top sponsored listings (when
they are displayed on the SERP).
Vertical Portal / Vortal
– Search engines that focus on a specific industry or sector. Such
vertical search engines (also called "vortals”) have much more specific
indexes and provide narrower and more focused search results than the
Tier I search engines.
– A vertical is a specific business group or category, such as
insurance, automotive or travel. Vertical search offers targeted search
options and PPC opportunities to a specific business category.
Viral Marketing – Also called viral advertising,
viral marketing refers to marketing techniques that use pre-existing
social networks to produce increases in brand awareness. The awareness
increases are the result of self-replicating viral processes, analogous
to the spread of pathological and computer viruses. It can often be
word-of-mouth delivered and enhanced online; it can also harness the
network effect of the internet and can be very useful in reaching a
large number of people rapidly. Source: Wikipedia
Web Forwarding - Web forwarding allows for redirects to exist within an .htaccess file on a separate server.
– Most web server software, and all good web analytics packages, keep a
running count of all search terms used by visitors to your site. These
running counts are kept in large text files called Log Files or Web Server Logs. Useful for developing and refining PPC campaign keyword lists.
– Television set-top boxes that allow users to browse the Internet from
their televisions without a computer system. Perennial future
opportunity as new PPC ad channel offering the option to use rich media
Wiki -- Software
that allows people to contribute knowledge on a particular topic. A wiki
is another web publishing platform that makes use of technologies
similar to blogs and also allows for collaboration with multiple people.
– "Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free content encyclopedia
project. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers; its
articles can be edited by anyone with access to the web site.” Source: Wikipedia
Word Count - The total number of words contained within a web document.
XML – Stands for "Extensible Markup Language,” a data delivery language.
– A form of paid inclusion in which a search engine is fed information
about an advertiser’s web pages via XML, rather than requiring that the
engine gather that information through crawling actual pages. Marketers
pay to have their pages included in a spider-based search index based on
an XML format document that represents each page on the advertiser
site. Advertisers pay either annually per URL or on a CPC basis – and
are assured of frequent crawl cycles. New media types are being
introduced into paid inclusion, including graphics, video, audio, and
XML Feeds -- A
form of paid inclusion where a search engine is "fed" information about
pages via XML, rather than gathering that information through crawling
actual pages. Marketers can pay to have their pages included in a
spider-based search index either annually (per URL), or on a CPC basis
(based on an XML document representing each page on the client site).
New media types are being introduced into paid inclusion, including
graphics, video, audio, and rich media.
XML Maps - XML maps are specially formatted links to your pages. They will never replace the need for HTML site maps.
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